The altitude of a triangle (in the sense it used here) is a line which passes through a vertex of the triangle and is perpendicular to the opposite side. There are therefore three altitudes possible, one from each vertex. See Altitude definition.
It turns out that all three altitudes always intersect at the same point - the so-called orthocenter of the triangle.
The orthocenter is not always inside the triangle. If the triangle is obtuse, it will be outside. To make this happen the altitude lines have to be extended so they cross. Adjust the figure above and create a triangle where the orthocenter is outside the triangle. Follow each line and convince yourself that the three altitudes, when extended the right way, do in fact intersect at the orthocenter.
Located at intersection of the
Located at intersection of the perpendicular bisectors of the sides
||Located at intersection of the medians|
||Located at intersection of the altitudes|