This page shows how to construct the centroid of a triangle with compass and straightedge or ruler. The centroid of a triangle is the point where its medians intersect. It works by constructing the perpendicular bisectors of any two sides to find their midpoints. Then the medians are drawn, which intersect at the centroid. This construction assumes you are already familiar with Constructing the Perpendicular Bisector of a Line Segment.

The above animation is available as a printable step-by-step instruction sheet, which can be used for making handouts or when a computer is not available.

The image below is the final drawing from the above animation.

Argument | Reason | |
---|---|---|

1 | S is the midpoint of PQ | S was found by constructing the perpendicular bisector of PQ. See Constructing the perpendicular bisector of a segment for the method and proof |

2 | RS is a median of the triangle PQR | A median is a line from a vertex to the midpoint of the opposite side. See Median of a triangle. |

3 | Similarly, PT is a median of the triangle PQR | As in (1), (2). |

4 | C is the centroid of the triangle PQR | The centroid of a triangle is the point where its medians intersect. See Centroid of a triangle. |

- Q.E.D

- Introduction to constructions
- Copy a line segment
- Sum of n line segments
- Difference of two line segments
- Perpendicular bisector of a line segment
- Perpendicular from a line at a point
- Perpendicular from a line through a point
- Perpendicular from endpoint of a ray
- Divide a segment into n equal parts
- Parallel line through a point (angle copy)
- Parallel line through a point (rhombus)
- Parallel line through a point (translation)

- Bisecting an angle
- Copy an angle
- Construct a 30° angle
- Construct a 45° angle
- Construct a 60° angle
- Construct a 90° angle (right angle)
- Sum of n angles
- Difference of two angles
- Supplementary angle
- Complementary angle
- Constructing 75° 105° 120° 135° 150° angles and more

- Copy a triangle
- Isosceles triangle, given base and side
- Isosceles triangle, given base and altitude
- Isosceles triangle, given leg and apex angle
- Equilateral triangle
- 30-60-90 triangle, given the hypotenuse
- Triangle, given 3 sides (sss)
- Triangle, given one side and adjacent angles (asa)
- Triangle, given two angles and non-included side (aas)
- Triangle, given two sides and included angle (sas)
- Triangle medians
- Triangle midsegment
- Triangle altitude
- Triangle altitude (outside case)

- Right Triangle, given one leg and hypotenuse (HL)
- Right Triangle, given both legs (LL)
- Right Triangle, given hypotenuse and one angle (HA)
- Right Triangle, given one leg and one angle (LA)

- Finding the center of a circle
- Circle given 3 points
- Tangent at a point on the circle
- Tangents through an external point
- Tangents to two circles (external)
- Tangents to two circles (internal)
- Incircle of a triangle
- Focus points of a given ellipse
- Circumcircle of a triangle

- Square given one side
- Square inscribed in a circle
- Hexagon given one side
- Hexagon inscribed in a given circle
- Pentagon inscribed in a given circle

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