ADVERTISEMENT

Trapezium (USA definition)
From Greek: tra "four" , peza "foot, edge,"
A quadrilateral which has no parallel sides .
(but see definition notes below)
A trapezium is defined by the properties it does not have. It has no parallel sides. Any quadrilateral drawn at random would probably be a trapezium.
Since it has no interesting properties beyond those of a quadrilateral, it is not used much in geometry.
If the quadrilateral had one pair of parallel sides, it would be a trapezoid.
If both pairs of sides are parallel, it would be a parallelogram.
Definition notes
There is considerable confusion over the definition of 'trapezoid' and 'trapezium' due to differences in the British and US versions.
As you can see from the table below, the meanings of the two words are exactly reversed between the US and British interpretations.

British 
USA 
Trapezoid 
A quadrilateral with no sides parallel 
A quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides 
Trapezium 
A quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides 
A quadrilateral with no sides parallel 
For the definition of trapezoid see trapezoid
Related polygon topics
General
Types of polygon
Area of various polygon types
Perimeter of various polygon types
Angles associated with polygons
Named polygons
(C) 2009 Copyright Math Open Reference. All rights reserved

COMMON CORE
Math Open Reference now has a Common Core alignment.
See which resources are available on this site for each element of the Common Core standards.
Check it out
