

The Golden Rectangle
From Latin: rectus "right" + angle
A rectangle with its sides in the 'Golden Ratio' or 1 : 1.618...
Try this Drag the orange dots on each vertex
to reshape the rectangle. Note that its sides always remain in the 'golden ratio'.
The Golden rectangle has been known since antiquity as one having a pleasing shape,
and is frequently found in art and architecture as a rectangular
shape that seems 'right' to the eye.
It is mentioned in Euclid's Elements and was known to artists and philosophers such as Leonardo da Vinci.
One of the interesting properties of the golden rectangle is that if you cut off a square section whose side is
equal to the shortest side, the piece that remains is also a golden rectangle.
In the figure below, the yellow rectangle is in the same proportion as the original larger
rectangle after the gray square is cut off.
Both the rectangles ABCD and PBCQ are golden rectangles.
For more
There has been a great deal written about the significance of the "golden ratio". A good place to start is
http://www.goldennumber.net/goldenratio/.
Other polygon topics
General
Types of polygon
Area of various polygon types
Perimeter of various polygon types
Angles associated with polygons
Named polygons
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