
Pyramid
A polyhedron that has a base and three or more triangular faces that meet at a point
above the base (the apex).
A pyramid is a polyhedron
that has a base, which can be any
polygon,
and three or more triangular faces that meet at a point called the apex.
These triangular sides are sometimes called the lateral faces to distinguish them from the base.
The base
The base can be any
polygon,
but is most often a
square.
In the figure above click on the 'more/less' buttons to change the number of base sides. Notice that as the number of sides gets large, the pyramid begins to look a lot like a
cone. In fact a pyramid and cone have a lot in common  for example the volume of the two are calculated the same way (See Volume of a Pyramid).
The base is usually a
regular polygon,
but it need not be. In the figure above, click off the "regular base" checkbox, then rotate the pyramid by dragging it to see the effect of this.
The faces
The faces of the pyramid are all
triangles.
If the base is a regular polygon, the triangles are all
congruent (same shape and size),
and
isosceles
(two sides the same length). In the figure above, click on 'reset' and 'explode',
then drag the pyramid to rotate it and notice that all the triangular faces are the same.
Surface area and volume
See
Right and Oblique pyramids
 If the apex is directly over the center of a regular base as it is above, it is called a right pyramid.
 If the apex is not over the center of the base, it is called an oblique pyramid, and the faces are not congruent.
See Oblique pyramid definition for more on this.
Related topics
(C) 2009 Copyright Math Open Reference. All rights reserved

