
Central Angle of a Polygon
Try this Adjust the number of sides of the polygon below, or drag a vertex
to note the central angle of the polygon.
Regular Polygon case
The central angle is the angle made at the center of the polygon by any two adjacent vertices of the polygon. If
you were to draw a line from any two adjacent vertices to the center, they would make the central angle. Because the polygon is regular, all
central angles are equal. It does not matter which side you choose.
All central angles would add up to 360° (a full circle),
so the measure of the central angle is 360 divided by the number of sides.
Or, as a formula:
where
n is the number of sides
The measure of the central angle thus depends only on the number of sides. In the figure above, resize the polygon and note that the central angle does not change. The angle depends only on the number of sides, not the size of the polygon.
If you change the number of sides, you will see that as the number of sides gets larger, the cenral angle gets smaller.
Irregular Polygon case
Irregular polygons are not considered as having a center, and so have no central angle.
Other polygon topics
General
Types of polygon
Area of various polygon types
Perimeter of various polygon types
Angles associated with polygons
Named polygons
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