From Greek "to stretch"
Definition: The longest side of a right triangle. The side opposite the right angle.
hypotenuse of a right triangle

In a right triangle (one where one interior angle is 90°), the longest side is called the hypotenuse. It is always the side opposite the 90° angle. See Right Triangle definition.

Pythagoras' Theorem applies to right triangles and states (in word form):

"The square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides."
See Pythagoras' Theorem.

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Other triangle topics


Perimeter / Area

Triangle types

Triangle centers

Congruence and Similarity

Solving triangles

Triangle quizzes and exercises