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Generatrix

A point or line that, when moved along a certain path (called the directrix), creates a new shape.

Also called a generator.

For example, a line moving in a circle traces out a cylinder. In the applet above, press "Run". The generatrix is the line on the right. As it moves at a fixed distance from the left line, it traces out a right circular cylinder. The path it follows is a circle. The path followed in the way is called the directrix.

In another example, a point moving at a fixed distance from a central point will trace out a circle. The moving point is the generatrix (or generator) of the circle.

Pages referring to 'generatrix'

A cylinder is a closed solid that has two parallel (usually circular) bases connected by a curved surface. It can be a right cylinder or an oblique cylinder.
A cylinder can be thought of as a right regular prism with an infinite number of sides.