Volume enclosed by a cylinder
Definition: The number of cubic units that will exactly fill a cylinder
Try this Drag the orange dot to resize the cylinder. The volume is calculated as you drag.

How to find the volume of a cylinder

Although a cylinder is technically not a prism, it shares many of the properties of a prism. Like prisms, the volume is found by multiplying the area of one end of the cylinder (base) by its height.

Since the end (base) of a cylinder is a circle, the area of that circle is given by the formula:

Multiplying by the height h we get

where:
π  is Pi, approximately 3.142
r  is the radius of the circular end of the cylinder
h  height of the cylinder
 

Calculator

ENTER ANY TWO VALUES
Radius clear
Height clear
Volume clear
   
 

Use the calculator on the right to calculate height, radius or volume of a cylinder.

Enter any two values and the missing one will be calculated. For example: enter the radius and height, and press 'Calculate'. The volume will be calculated.

Similarly, if you enter the height and volume, the radius needed to get that volume will be calculated.

Volume of a partially filled cylinder

One practical application is where you have horizontal cylindrical tank partly filled with liquid. Using the formula above you can find the volume of the cylinder which gives it's maximum capacity, but you often need to know the volume of liquid in the tank given the depth of the liquid.

This can be done using the methods described in Volume of a horizontal cylindrical segment.

Oblique cylinders

Recall that an oblique cylinder is one that 'leans over' - where the top center is not over the base center point. In the figure above check "allow oblique' and drag the top orange dot sideways to see an oblique cylinder.

It turns out that the volume formula works just the same for these. You must however use the perpendicular height in the formula. This is the vertical line to left in the figure above. To illustrate this, check 'Freeze height'. As you drag the top of the cylinder left and right, watch the volume calculation and note that the volume never changes.

See Oblique Cylinders for a deeper discussion on why this is so.

Units

Remember that the radius and the height must be in the same units - convert them if necessary. The resulting volume will be in those cubic units. So, for example if the height and radius are both in centimeters, then the volume will be in cubic centimeters.

Things to try

  1. In the figure above, click 'reset' and 'hide details'
  2. Drag the two dots to alter the size and shape of the cylinder
  3. Calculate the volume of that cylinder
  4. Click 'show details' to check your answer.

Related topics

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