
Angle
Definition: A shape, formed by two lines or rays diverging from a common point (the vertex).
Try this
Adjust the angle below by dragging the orange dot.
Attributes
Vertex 
The vertex
is the common point at which the two lines or rays are joined. Point B is the figure above is the vertex of the angle
∠ABC.

Legs 
The legs (sides)
of an angle are the two lines that make it up. In the figure above, the lines
AB and
BC are the legs of the angle ∠ABC.

Interior 
The interior of an angle is the space in the 'jaws' of the angle extending out to infinity. See
Interior of an Angle

Exterior 
All the space on the plane that is not the interior. See
Interior of an Angle

Identifying an angle
An angle can be identified in two ways.

Like this: ∠ABC
The angle symbol, followed by three points that define the angle, with the middle letter being the vertex, and the other two on the legs.
So in the figure above the angle would be ∠ABC or ∠CBA.
So long as the vertex is the middle letter, the order is not important. As a shorthand
we can use the 'angle' symbol. For example '∠ABC' would be read as 'the angle ABC'.

Or like this: ∠B
Just by the vertex, so long as it is not ambiguous. So in the figure above the angle could also be called simply
'∠B'
Measure of an angle
The size of an angle is measured in degrees (see Angle Measures). When we say 'the angle ABC' we mean the actual angle object.
If we want to talk about the size, or measure, of the angle in degrees, we should say 'the measure of the angle ABC'  often written m∠ABC.
However, many times we will see '∠ABC=34°'. Strictly speaking this is an error. It should say 'm∠ABC=34°'
Types of angle
Altogether, there are six types of angle as listed below. Click on an image for a full description of that type and a corresponding interactive applet.
In Trigonometry
When used in trigonometry,
angles have some extra properties:
They can have a measure greater than 360°, can be positive and negative, and are positioned on a coordinate grid with x and y axes.
They are usually measured in radians instead of
degrees.
For more on this see Angle definition and properties (trigonometry).
Angle construction
In the Constructions chapter, there are animated demonstrations of various
constructions
of angles using only a compass and straightedge.
Related angle topics
General
Angle Types
Angle relationships
(C) 2009 Copyright Math Open Reference. All rights reserved

COMMON CORE
Math Open Reference now has a Common Core alignment.
See which resources are available on this site for each element of the Common Core standards.
Check it out
